By Yu-Tzu Chiu
Beginning 2004, Taiwan government pledges 16.8 billion Taiwan new dollars (U.S.$491 million) over the next four years to promote industries related to energy conservation and renewable energy. The pledge was given to reach a goal- to make renewable sources share 10% of Taiwan’s installed capacity of power supply in 2010. Premier Yu Shyi-kun made the announcement in late July, 2003. According to the Cabinet (Executive Yuan), the investment aims to establish related regulations, promote market demands by offering incentives, strengthen R&D on clean energy, promote green architecture and sustainable living, and review the institutional structure of policy-making bodies involving energy use. A related long-range scheme is to develop about 6500 megawatts of energy from renewable sources by 2020. If the goal is achieved, Taiwan’s installed capacity of power supply from renewable sources will be boosted to about 12% from current 4.1%. According to Taiwan’s Energy Commission, when 12% of power generation capacity comes from renewable energy, it means roughly 5% of the total energy supply in Taiwan is from renewable sources. Compared with a global proposal to ensure that renewable energy accounts for up to 15% of the world’s energy supply, brought up at the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 2002, the 5% goal for Taiwan falls far behind. Taiwan relies mainly on thermal power generation. In 2001, low-cost fuel, such as that derived from coal, contributed to 37.8% of the country’s gross power generation. Meanwhile, oil and gas accounted for 11.2% and 10.2%, respectively. Taiwan is the first country in Asia to announce a plan to turn the country into a “Nuclear-Free Homeland”. In 2001, the power generation capacity of domestic nuclear power plants accounted for 14.5% of Taiwan’s total power-generation capacity. The government must make available alternative power generation methods that can be used to fill in the void after existing three nuclear power plants and the fourth one under construction are phased out.
Converting the World to Renewable Energies http://www.gefweb.org/Whats_New/planets-voice-1-2004-eng.pdf 《 This publication was made possible with support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the German Environmental Foundation (DBU) 》